One of the strengths of land stewardship is that anyone can participate. There are four main kinds of people and organisations typically involved in land stewardship,who enter into partnerships to meet shared objectives.
Landowners & land users (as actors)
Those owners and users that voluntarily take action (including, in some cases, agreeing not to take actions that could have a negative impact) to protect nature and/or restore habitat or ecosystem function. These include, depending on the circumstances, landowners, farmers, shepherds, fishermen, foresters, hunters, and other resource owners and users.
> See here how landowners & land users can participate in or implement land stewardship.
Land stewardship organisations (as facilitators)
The role of land stewardship organisations (land trusts in Common Law countries) is to reach and subsequently manage voluntary agreements with landowners and users. These organisations can take multiple forms ranging from major foundations to small nature conservation groups, or associations of schools or volunteers, municipalities, county or regional administrations. A positive and long-term relationship with landowners is key to the success of the agreements.
> See here how land stewardship organisations can implement land stewardship.
Institutions and governments (as enablers)
Public agencies have an important role giving support to land stewardship because they can provide both technical and political support, as well as legal development from the public sphere (parliaments as well as governments). The kind of support and activities offered may differ amongst administrative levels, as local administrations can sometimes play a more active role developing stewardship initiatives in their municipalities.
> See here how European institutions can be involved in land stewardship.
> See here how national and regional governments can implement land stewardship.
> See here how local governments can implement land stewardship.
Citizens (as general public)
Land stewardship offers an excellent opportunity to empower citizens in the conservation of biodiversity, nature and landscapes. The general public also receives the direct (stewardship products and services) and indirect benefits (nature and landscape health) of land stewardship and can actively provide public support for it.
Businesses, corporations and donors (as actors or enablers)
The role of corporate companies and private foundations can help increase funding, and also offer advice, pro-bono support, in-company volunteers, commercial services or products to help develop the notion of land stewardship. Some sectors can more clearly demonstrate the value of these partnerships (tourism, agricultural services, ecological agriculture, primary sector businesses, etc.). Corporate stewardship is a variant of land stewardship that involves companies that own extensions of land managed through stewardship principles.
> See here how businesses and corporations can be involved in land stewardship.
Land stewardship networks
Networks of people and organisations can sometimes be referred to as ‘umbrella’ organisations, networks, platforms, councils, federations, etc. These networks can facilitate the development of the land stewardship approach at the local, regional, national or international levels.
Some examples are the Catalan Xarxa de Custòdia del Territori (XCT), the Federation of Conservatories of Natural areas in France, Czech Union for Nature Conservation (?SOP) in Czech Republic, Deutsche Verband für Landschaftspflege (DVL) in Germany, Landschapsbeheer Nederland, and Foro de Redes y Entidades de Custodia del Territorio (land stewardship forum) in Spain.
Read more about the stakeholders involved in the online Land Stewardship Manual.